Knowledge Hub

Cloudflare D1 icon
Cloudflare D1
vs
PlanetScale icon
PlanetScale
vs
Xata.io icon
Xata.io

Timings

Time to First Byte (TTFB) and Load time across different locations. Lower is better.

Location
Cloudflare D1
DB Query Time
Load
PlanetScale
DB Query Time
Load
Xata.io
DB Query Time
Load
US flagus-west-1
US flagus-east-1
CA flagca-central-1
BR flagsa-east-1
DE flageu-central-1
GB flageu-west-2
FR flageu-west-3
SE flageu-north-1
IT flageu-south-1
ZA flagaf-south-1
SG flagap-southeast-1
JP flagap-northeast-1
HK flagap-east-1
AU flagap-southeast-2
KR flagap-northeast-2

Serverless Database features

Compare the features of the Serverless Database to help you choose the right one for your needs.

FeatureCloudflare D1PlanetScaleXata.io

Infrastructure, Underlying technology

Cloud Infrastructure, database system and underlying egine

Cloudflare infrastructure, SQLite

MySQL, Vitess, GCP, AWS

PostgreSQL, Apache Kafka, ElasticSearch

Serverless Support

Serverless and Edge computing support

API

Cloudflare Workers runtime API interfaces, D1 Client API

uses HTTP connection, JavaScript Driver

TypeScript SDK

Edge Functions

Serverless functions that run closer to the user, reducing latency and improving performance.

Cloudflare Workers runtime

Cloudflare Workers, Vercel Edge Functions, Netlify Edge Functions

Edge Caching, support for Edge environments

Developer Experience

Database type

OLTP

OLTP

OLTP, OLAP

Data model

Databases store data in models, such as Relational, Columnar or Document based

Relational, SQL

Relational, SQL

Relational

CLI

Command Line Interface tools that allow developers to perform tasks and manage the tool via the command line.

Cloudflare Workers runtime

pscale

@xata/cli

Languages, APIs

The languages supporting the database and API interface for inter-process communication

TypeScript, JavaScript inside Cloudflare worker functions

Any package/driver supporting MySQL, Prisma, Node.js, Go, Django, C#

JavaScript, TypeScript SDK, Python SDK, REST API

Query language

Supported query language such as SQL, MQL, PartiQL,

SQL

SQL, MySQL variation

JSON, MongoDB like query language (MQL)

ACID compliant

ACID is a set of properties of database transactions intended to guarantee data validity despite errors, power failures, and other mishaps
ACID compliant
ACID compliant

Self-hosting

Support for self-hosted Database instance
Doesn't have support, Only for local development
Only Enterprise Plan members, AWS, GCP
Doesn't have support

Backups

Backups run every hour automatically. Stores backups of your database in R2

Daily basis (Included in Free tier), Scheduled backups ($0.023 per GB per month)

Requires custom solution via REST API

Security & Compliance Offerings

SOC2

Service Organization Control 2 compliance for managing customer data.
N/A

Multi-factor authentication

Support of the cloud-histed database for multi-factor authentication
N/A

Encryption

Cryptographic security at rest and on transportation level
N/A

AES Encription, TLS v1.3

TLS

SSO

N/AN/A

Monitoring and analytics

Log retention

Query log retention usually keeps lofs of operations for debugging and replication purposes
N/A
Based on plan, Unlimited for Enterprise
N/A

Statistics

Tools and APIs for analysing and monitoring of Database performance
N/A

Web based dashboard, read/write ratio

N/A

Scalability

Replication and Partitioning

Distributed across Cloudflare Edge network

Database can be deployed on AWS, GCP supported regions (GDPR compliant)

Region Groups, group replication, PostgreSQL logical replication